Stunning Flora & Fauna
of Wonder I Tips
to The Top I Stunning
Flora & Fauna I Surrounding Wonders of Kinabalu Park I Kinabalu
Flora & Fauna
This botanical paradise of Borneo is home to an estimated 1,200
species of orchids, 26 species of rhododendrons, 9 species of Nepenthes
pitcher plants, over 80 species of fig trees, over 60 species of
oaks and chestnut trees, 100 species of mammals, 326 species of
birds…the list just goes on! It’s no wonder Kinabalu
Park has continually attracted top naturalists and botanists from
around the world and been proclaimed an area with the richest diversity
of flora and fauna. This treasure trove is simply stunning!
The forests of Kinabalu are some of the richest in the world with
an estimated 5,000 flowering plants, and this does not include in
innumerable mosses, ferns and fungi. Wild orchids grow in abundance
and range in size from pinhead to huge stems over 2m in length.
Look out for the exceptionally beautiful Slipper Orchids. They command
much commercial interest with the Rothschild’s Slipper Orchid
so preciously coveted, it is considered the ‘Kinabalu Gold’.
The world’s largest pitcher plant can also be found in Kinabalu
Park. The insect-eating Rajah Brooke’s Pitcher Plants have
pitchers that can hold up to 3.5 liters of water! While nineteen
species of the beautiful Begonia plants have been documented, with
probably half the number endemic. The Begonia Chongii – a
rare Begonia plant found on the west side of the mountain –
is a recent discovery. It was named in honours of YAB Datuk Chong
Kah Kiat, Sabah’s Chief Minister, in recognition of his enthusiastic
support for the natural environment and protection of Sabah’s
This Wonderland features some of the most amazing creations of nature.
Since animals are not easily seen, you’ll find patience a
virtue that will be blessed with rare and captivating sights!
A stroll past the street at Headquarters on dark wet nights or
in the very early mornings, will reveal moths, beetles and other
insects in all shapes, sizes and colors. Some are camouflaged in
delicate mossy greens and greys, while others flaunt bright contrasting
colours of red, black and white.
Don’t be surprised if you find ‘twigs’ that
walk and ‘leaves’ that fly! Look closer and you’ll
find that they are actually insects.
Of course, this abundance of insects and plants play a big hand
in supporting a thriving bird population. Over 300 species have
been recorded in the park. The Grey Drongo, with white eye-ring
and forked tail, and the heavy, long tailed Malaysian Treepie, are
two of the commonest at Park Headquarters. Higher up, you will find
the small green Mountain Blackeyes and the larger red-breasted Mountain