Flora and Fauna
and Fauna I Marine
Park I Pulau
Manukan I Pulau
Mamutik I Pulau
Sulug I Pulau Gaya I Pulau
Sapi I Some do's and don't
All the islands festure typical shoreline vegetation such as Pandanus
Dubius and Podocarpus Polystachyus, fronting groves of living fossils
a cross between a ferntree and a palm. Pulau Gaya itself is covered
by the only undisturbed coastal dipterocarp forest left in Sabah.
The Keruings are tallest, with narrow crowns of large dark green
leaves, and their ridged, 2-wing fruits litter the trails.
Also found are Seraya, Kapur and Selangan Batu, and the Hopea Phillipineansis
and Quassia Borneensis which are endemic to Pulau Gaya in Sabah.
Fishtail and Nibong palms grow in shaded gulleys. Human activity
has replaced the original vegetation on the other island with casuarine
and coconut palms, mango, jackfruit and tarap fruit trees, and teh
brilliant scarlet flowers of the Coral tree and the sweet scented
white Gardenia tree.
Mammals include rats, squirrels, monkeys, and the rarely seen bearded
pigs, and scaly pangolins. Birds is large numbers dwell on the islands.
The larger ones include white-bellied sea eagles, pied hornbills
and green herons, and the smaller ones are sandpipers, pink-necked
green pigeons, bulbuls, bablers, flycatchers, swiftlets and sunbirds
and the megapode or burung tambun, a chicken-like bird which lays
its eggs in mounds of sand at the edge of the beach. Reptiles include
monitor lizards and snakes which are harmless unless disturbed.
Noisy cicadas are everywhere.